We use intensive verbs to describe the subject. Intensive verbs are also called copular verbs, are usually followed by a noun or a noun phrase, an adjective or a prepositional phrase.
Intensive means to focus on one thing; in this case, the subject. The words or phrases following an intensive verb work as the subject complement. This means they apply to the subject, not the verb.
“Rose is a student” – The focus of this sentence is Rose and what she is.
“Tomas looks very young for his age” – The focus of this sentence is Tomas and what he looks like.
We use extensive verbs to say what the subject is doing. Extensive verbs are most other verbs, they do not have a subject complement.
Extensive means to cover a wider area, it takes information away from the subject. Words or phrases following an extensive verb work as the verb’s object. They apply to the verb, not the subject.
“John runs very fast” – The focus of this sentence is run, and how he does that.
“Mary paints quite badly” – The focus of this sentence is paints, and how she does that.
Which of the following verbs are intensive, and which are extensive?
1. I’m angry because Helen ate my breakfast.
2. George and his brothers seemed too tired to go out.
3. The kitchen is downstairs, next to living room
4. At 9pm, the sun vanished below the horizon