Reported speech is used to explain what somebody said, without quoting the exact words. For example, you could say: “I found an article that said that reported speech is used to explain what someone says without using exact quotes”.
Indirect speech is used with the verbs “to say” and “to tell” in the past, which is “said” and “told.”
Ok then, let’s look at some examples:
“I’m hungry”: She said she was hungry.
“I want pizza for dinner”: He said he wanted to eat pizza for dinner.
“We’ve already eaten”: They said they had already eaten.
“We’re going to come to the party” (or “we’re coming to the party”): She said they are going to come to the party.
“I’ll see you on Monday”: Kim said she would see me on Monday.
Now let’s take a look at how to use reported speech in the imperative.
Reported speech and the imperative
Remember that we use the imperative with reported speech to give orders, advice, make requests or suggestions. We can also use the imperative in the negative.
He told me not to close the door.
She asked me to help her with her homework.
He ordered me to leave the room.
He suggested we go watch a movie.
She asked me not to come home too late.
Reported speech and the verb “to ask”
As you may have noticed, we can also use the verb “to ask” in the past tense with reported speech and indirect questions.
“Where are you from?”
He asked me where I was from.
“Where do you live?”
He asked me where I lived.
“What do you do?”
She asked me what I did.
Reported speech with other verbs
Reported speech can be used with many other verbs in English too, depending on the situation or message conveyed.
Here are a few examples:
She admitted that she stole the money.
He advised me to study hard for the exam.
He mentioned that he would come to the party.
She claimed he had discovered a new species of bird.
I suggested he cleaned his room before his mother arrived
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