Today is Martin Luther King, Jr. Day in the United States.
To celebrate, let’s watch and understand his amazing speech “I have a dream”. Recognized as one of the best and most important speeches in the world, what better way to commemorate his birth?
1. Read the text
2. Understand the vocabulary
3. Watch the video
1. Excerpt from the “I have a dream” speech
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.”
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice, sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day, down in Alabama, with its vicious racists, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of “interposition” and “nullification” – one day right there in Alabama little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.
I have a dream today!
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; “and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.
Creed – an idea or set of beliefs that guide the actions of a person or group.
Self-evident – clearly true and requires no proof or explanation.
Former – used to say what someone or something was in the past.
Brotherhood – feelings of friendship, support, and understanding between people.
Sweltering – very hot.
Oppression – to treat (a person or group of people) in a cruel or unfair way.
Vicious – very violent and cruel.
Interposition – asserted right of U.S. states to declare federal actions unconstitutional.
Nullification – legal theory that a State has the right to nullify, or invalidate, any federal law which that state has deemed unconstitutional.
Exalted – to raise (someone or something) to a higher level.
Rough – having a surface that is not even.
Crooked – not straight.