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English Grammar Rules | ABA English

English Grammar Rules

We all know that to manage to communicate in a language it is necessary to have a solid base of grammar. That allows us to both understand and be understood. But is it necessary to know all the rules of grammar in English to enjoy this language?

Stay calm. Simply by knowing what the most important rules in English are, you can start enjoying the opportunities that this language offers you. That is why we have prepared this article for you with the most important English grammar topics. Are you ready to learn?

What Are the Grammar Rules for English?

The most important rules in English have to do with the formation and use of:

  • Nouns
  • Adjectives
  • Verbs
  • Adverbs

To make speaking English easier and more fun, we are going to share with you the basic English grammar rules that you need to know. We will see how they apply to different types of words and give examples so that you can learn them without any problems.

English Grammar: Nouns

First of all, you should know that nouns are used to refer to people, animals, places, and things.

  • While there are nouns that work for both male and female, there are others that vary by gender. They do so by adding the suffix “-ess” or “-ine”. There are also cases in which each gender has its own word.

Teacher

Host, hostess

Hero, heroine

King, Queen

  • To form plural nouns, add “-s” or “-es” (if the word ends in s, sh, x, or ch) to the end of the word.

Spoon —>spoons

Dish —>dishes

  • If the word ends in a consonant + y” change the “y” to an “i” before adding the “-es”.

Cherry —> cherries

  • Form the name of professions by adding the suffix “-er”, “-or”, or “-eer to other nouns and verbs. 

Law —> lawyer

Act —> actor and actress

Engine —-> engineer

English Grammar: Adjectives

Adjectives help us describe nouns or give them qualities. In English, there are qualifying, demonstrative, quantitative, possessive, and numerical adjectives. Adjectives in English do not vary in gender or number as they do in other languages. The important things to know about adjectives in English can be found below.

  • In English, the adjective comes before the noun.

Today’s a beautiful day.

  • The comparative is formed by adding “-er” to the end of the adjective. If the adjective has more than three syllables, the comparative is formed by using “more” + adjective + “than”.

My brother is taller than me.

Travelling is more important than saving money.

  • The superlative is formed by adding “-est” to the end of the adjective. If the adjective has more than three syllables, the superlative is formed using “the” + “most” + adjective.

I’m the tallest in my class.

He’s the most creative of my classmates.

English Grammar: Verbs

While some irregular verbs in English have particular rules as to their formation and conjugation, it is good to keep these guidelines in mind when it comes to English grammar for verbs.

  • To form the third person singular of the present simple, add “-s” or “-es” (if the word ends in s, sh, x, or, ch) to the infinitive.

Sing —-> sings

Watch —> watches

Play —-> plays

  • To form the past simple, add “-ed” to the infinitive verb. 

Die —-> died

Watch —-> watched

Play —> played

English Grammar: Adverbs

Other grammatical rules that you should keep in mind to speak English correctly have to do with adverbs. These words serve to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. To form regular adverbs, “-ly is added at the end of the adjective. If the adjective ends in a consonant + “y”, that “y” is changed to an “i” and then the “-ly” is added.

Slow —-> slowly

Easy —-> easily

You sing beautifully.

Bonus English Grammar

So far, we have seen the basic grammar rules for the English language. Now let’s look at some extra questions that will help you improve your English a lot.

  • In many languages, different articles are used based on the gender of the noun they accompany. In English, however, the definite article the is used for both genders.

The man. The woman.

  • In English, the indefinite article is eithera” or an” depending on if the word that follows begins with a vowel or consonant.

There’s a riot in Iran.

She’s taking an exam tomorrow.

  • In English, the word everybody can be confusing. However, in English, this word is grammatically singular, so the accompanying verb must go in the singular as well.

Is everybody here?

Everybody was waiting for the concert to start.

In this article, you have seen that English grammar is not as difficult as you may have imagined. It can be learned and understood dynamically and easily. This is what we aim for on the ABA English team. We want your learning to be practical and enjoyable so that you can easily gain the knowledge you need to improve your English. In our app, you will find more than one hundred free video classes, grammar exercises, and support from our teachers along with everything you need to make studying English one of the best decisions you have ever made.

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