connectors in english

Types of Paragraph Connectors in English

Textual connectors are very useful for joining not only sentences but paragraphs as well. In the case of paragraphs, the use of the correct connectors makes the text coherent and harmonious. They also help the reader understand the logical relationships that exist between one part and the next.

If you want to make your writing easier to read and more eloquent, using the connectors in the correct places is a must. That is why we have gathered the most used connectors in English in this article. Start using them to give your writing more flow and more style.

Connectors Grammar

Different types of connectors are used according to the logical relationship they establish between one sentence and another. Also known as conjunctions, these linkers can express contrast, cause, purpose, consequence, addition, and exemplification.

Take a look at this excerpt from The Guardian. How many connectors can you see?

“Now those same 40,000 words meant more than I had previously imagined, I began to feel the intoxication of complication. Not to mention the fascination of the abomination. I learned, in short, a new way to read. I’ve always been grateful. I’ve always adored this book. I have been chasing the same buzz ever since.

Yet part of that journey into understanding was also one into disillusionment and disquiet.”

More importantly, how does the use of those linkers improve the text? Connectors make your writing more fluent, more interesting, and easier to follow. If you are unsure how to use connectors correctly, an online English course could help you resolve those doubts really quickly.

In the following, we will present the connectors in English to you, divided into categories. Try adding them to your writing and watch how quickly it improves!

Contrast Connectors

To show how using connectors can improve your speech, take these two sentences as an example:

She has a lot of money.
She takes public transport.

By using a connector, you can combine those two sentences into one, while showing the relationship between the two halves.

Despite having a lot of money, she takes public transport.
Even though she has a lot of money, she takes public transport.
She has a lot of money, nevertheless, she takes public transport.

The main connectors that indicate contrast are:

  • Despite 
  • In spite of
  • Although / Even though
  • However
  • Nevertheless 
  • Still 
  • Yet
  • Even so
  • On the contrary
  • In contrast
  • On the one hand 
  • On the other hand
  • Whereas

Cause Connectors

Showing the reason behind an occurrence is something that happens regularly in any language.

Compare

There was a hurricane. Our flight was cancelled.

to

Our flight was cancelled because there was a hurricane.
On account of the hurricane, our flight was cancelled.

To express cause, the main connectors are:

  • Because
  • Since
  • Seeing that
  • On account of
  • Due to

Purpose Connectors

These connectors are used to show the purpose of an action:

  • In order to 
  • So as to
  • So that 

The following example shows how purpose linkers are used:

The man went to the bank. He applied for a mortgage.

becomes

The man went to the bank in order to apply for a mortgage.
The man went to the bank so as to apply for a mortgage.

Consequence Connectors

As shown by their name, these linkers are used to show the consequence of an action:

  • Consequently 
  • As a consequence / As a consequence of
  • As a result / As a result of
  • Therefore

When you use linkers of consequence,

They graduated from university with excellent marks. They received many job offers.

becomes

They graduated from university with excellent marks, therefore, they received many job offers.
They graduated from university with excellent marks. Consequently, they received many job offers.

Addition Connectors

When you want to add additional information to clarify something, there are a number of connectors you can use:

  • Moreover
  • Furthermore 
  • In addition 
  • Besides
  • What’s more
  • On top of that

To give an example of this type of connector in use, check out the following.

We are going to study drama this semester. In addition, we will learn how to express ourselves physically and how to practice good enunciation.

Exemplification Connectors

It is very easy to find linkers for giving examples in use. For example, this sentence uses an exemplification connector to link it to the previous sentence. The connectors you can use for this are:

  • For example 
  • For instance

Ordering Paragraphs

When writing longer pieces, it can be helpful to mark your writing with connectors. This helps organize the paragraphs so that the reader does not get lost along the way.  The following connectors can be used to order paragraphs in an essay.

First Paragraph

  • At first sight
  • First
  • First of all
  • In the first place
  • To start with

Second Paragraph

  • In the second place

 

  • Second / Secondly

Conclusion

  • Finally
  • In conclusion
  • Lastly
  • And finally

Explication Connectors

If you want to repeat what you have said in another way to offer clarity, these linkers are just what you need.

  • In other words
  • In short
  • Above all
  • At least
  • Basically
  • Especially
  • Essentially
  • In general
  • In particular
  • More or less

Personal Opinion Markers

Finally, to mark that you will be adding your own personal opinion to a piece of writing, any of the following connectors can be used.

  • As far as I am concerned
  • From my point of view
  • I agree
  • I disagree
  • In my opinion
  • I think that
  • It is true that
  • Personally
  • To be honest
  • To tell the truth

To write well in English, use the connectors that you learned in this article. If you are among those who want to speak English correctly, why not take our online course? ABA English offers 144 free video classes and the same number of short films. You can learn English through an intuitive and natural method that favours communication without sacrificing grammatical accuracy. What are you waiting for? Check your English level and join us today!

I want to learn English online.
I want to download the app.

One comment

  1. Thank you for this topic.

    It’s very useful and interesting.

    Regards,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *