Learn with videos – Should you live for your résumé or your eulogy?

New York Times columnist David Brooks gives a short talk on the values we consider most imporant in our lives. Read the text and make sure to understand as much as possible. Read it as often as you need and check our vocabulary list below (highlighted words) or your own dictionary. Then watch the video; you can watch it with subtitles in English at first and then without!

1. Read the text
2. Understand the vocabulary
3. Watch the talk


So I’ve been thinking about the difference between the résumé virtues and the eulogy virtues. The résumé virtues are the ones you put on your résumé, which are the skills you bring to the marketplace.The eulogy virtues are the ones that get mentioned in the eulogy, which are deeper: who are you, in your depth, what is the nature of your relationships, are you bold, loving, dependable, consistency? And most of us, including me, would say that the eulogy virtues are the more important of the virtues. But at least in my case, are they the ones that I think about the most? And the answer is no. 

So I’ve been thinking about that problem, and a thinker who has helped me think about it is a guy named Joseph Soloveitchik, who was a rabbi who wrote a book called “The Lonely Man Of Faith” in 1965. Soloveitchik said there are two sides of our natures, which he called Adam I and Adam II. Adam I is the worldly, ambitious, external side of our nature. He wants to build, create, create companies, create innovation. Adam II is the humble side of our nature. Adam II wants not only to do good but to be good,to live in a way internally that honors God, creation and our possibilities. Adam I wants to conquer the world. Adam II wants to hear a calling and obey the world. Adam I savors accomplishment. Adam II savors inner consistency and strength. Adam I asks how things work. Adam II asks why we’re here. Adam I’s motto is “success.” Adam II’s motto is “love, redemption and return.”

And Soloveitchik argued that these two sides of our nature are at war with each other. We live in perpetual self-confrontation between the external success and the internal value. And the tricky thing, I’d say, about these two sides of our nature is they work by different logics. The external logic is an economic logic: input leads to output, risk leads to reward. The internal side of our nature is a moral logic and often an inverse logic. You have to give to receive. You have to surrender to something outside yourself to gain strength within yourself. You have to conquer the desire to get what you want. In order to fulfill yourself, you have to forget yourself. In order to find yourself, you have to lose yourself.

We happen to live in a society that favors Adam I, and often neglects Adam II. And the problem is, that turns you into a shrewd animal who treats life as a game, and you become a cold, calculating creature who slips into a sort of mediocrity where you realize there’s a difference between your desired self and your actual self. You’re not earning the sort of eulogy you want, you hope someone will give to you. You don’t have the depth of conviction. You don’t have an emotional sonorousness. You don’t have commitment to tasks that would take more than a lifetime to commit.

I was reminded of a common response through history of how you build a solid Adam II, how you build a depth of character. Through history, people have gone back into their own pasts, sometimes to a precious time in their life, to their childhood, and often, the mind gravitates in the past to a moment of shame, some sin committed, some act of selfishness, an act of omission, of shallowness, the sin of anger, the sin of self-pity, trying to be a people-pleaser, a lack of courage. Adam I is built by building on your strengths. Adam II is built by fighting your weaknesses. You go into yourself, you find the sin which you’ve committed over and again through your life, your signature sin out of which the others emerge,and you fight that sin and you wrestle with that sin, and out of that wrestling, that suffering, then a depth of character is constructed. And we’re often not taught to recognize the sin in ourselves, in that we’re not taught in this culture how to wrestle with it, how to confront it, and how to combat it. We live in a culture with an Adam I mentality where we’re inarticulate about Adam II.

Finally, Reinhold Niebuhr summed up the confrontation, the fully lived Adam I and Adam II life, this way:“Nothing that is worth doing can be achieved in our lifetime; therefore we must be saved by hope.Nothing which is true or beautiful or good makes complete sense in any immediate context of history;therefore we must be saved by faith. Nothing we do, however virtuous, can be accomplished alone;therefore we must be saved by love. No virtuous act is quite as virtuous from the standpoint of our friend or foe as from our own standpoint. Therefore we must be saved by that final form of love, which is forgiveness.”



Résumé – a short document describing your education, work history, etc., that you give an employer when you are applying for a job.

Virtues – morally good behavior or character.

Eulogy – a speech that praises someone who has died.

Depth – an area that exists far below a surface or far inside something : often used figuratively.

Bold – not afraid of danger or difficult situations.

Dependable – able to be trusted to do or provide what is needed : able to be depended on.

In my case – a particular case. Is a particular situation or incident, especially one that you are using as an individual example or instance of something.   

Rabbi – a person who is trained to make decisions about what is lawful in Judaism, to perform Jewish ceremonies, or to lead a Jewish congregation.

Worldly – of or relating to the human world and ordinary life rather than to religious or spiritual matters.

Humble – not proud : not thinking of yourself as better than other people.

Honors – respect that is given to someone who is admired.

Conquer – to gain control of (a problem or difficulty) through great effort.

Calling – a strong desire to spend your life doing a certain kind of work (such as religious work).

Savors – to enjoy (something) for a long time.

Redemption – the act, process, or result of redeeming something or someone.

Perpetual – continuing forever or for a very long time without stopping.

Tricky – using or likely to use dishonest tricks.

Surender – to agree to stop fighting, hiding, resisting, etc., because you know that you will not win or succeed.

Fulfill – to do what is required by (something, such as a promise or a contract).

Shrewd – having or showing an ability to understand things and to make good judgments : mentally sharp or clever.

Slip intoto go from one state or condition to another.

Mediocrity – the quality of something that is not very good : the quality or state of being mediocre.

Sonorous – having a sound that is deep, loud, and pleasant

Gravitates – to move or tend to move to or toward someone or something.

Shame – a feeling of guilt, regret, or sadness that you have because you know you have done something wrong.

Omission – something that has not been included or done :something that has been omitted.

Shallowness – not caring about or involving serious or important things.

Signature – closely associated with someone or something : making a person or thing easy to recognize.

Wrestle – to struggle to move, deal with, or control something.

Inarticulate – not able to express ideas clearly and effectively in speech or writing : not articulate.

Virtuous – morally good : having or showing virtue.

Standpoint – a way in which something is thought about or considered.

Foe – an enemy.


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