Today we are going to learn all about, well… “going to” and how to use it correctly in English.
The future expression “going to” is used for events which are planned or expected to happen in the future.
Look at the following conversation between Chris (C) and Stacey (S) to see how it used in context:
C: Good morning, Stacey. Do you have any plans for the summer holiday? I’m going to spend a week in Ibiza with my friends.
S: I’m not sure what I’m going to do, Chris. I may just stay here and spend time with my family. I’m very excited about next winter though as my family and I are going to go skiing in the Alps.
C: That sounds like fun, Stacey. My family and I are going to Thailand to escape the cold winter. We do that every year. Anyway, Stacey, I have to go. I’m going to have lunch with a close friend this afternoon.
S: OK, Chris, see you tomorrow!
In the negative form we simply add “not” to the sentence structure:
She’s not/isn’t going to help me today.
Clive isn’t/ is not going to come to the party!
“Going to” may also be used for predictions based on evidence we are able to see as we speak. For example:
That book is going to fall off the table!
Look at those clouds! I think it’s going to rain today.
I have just broken my wife’s favourite vase. She’s not going to be happy!
The expression “going to” is different from “will” as it indicates something which is already planned or decided. For example:
I will sell my car (I don’t know when)
I’m going to sell my car (I have already planned on selling my car, maybe I have a buyer)
Remember that if you would like more information on how to use “going to” in English, you can check out unit 47 of the ABA English course. Also, remember that you can sign up for free to the ABA course to access 144 free video classes.